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Vibo  Valentia

Vibo Valentia

Vibo Valentia is the youngest of the five Calabria provinces, but it’s one of the oldest towns in Calabria. The earliest traces of human presence date back to the Neolithic Age, found during excavations of the ancient “Hipponion”. These finds are utensils for daily use, even if the first permanent settlement was in the Iron era. The true Vibo Valentia story began in the seventh century BC, when the Locri’s inhabitants, the Epizefiri, founded a colony called Hipponion. Later, with the Normans’ arrival, a castle was built on the ancient Greek acropolis. Later, the Swabians gave greater weight to the village, encouraging the repopulation with the name Monteleone. In the Fascist period, the Monteleone’s city resumed the old name of Vibo Valentia, Vibonia, the name it carried at the time of the Roman civilization. The name Vibo Valentia is very particular: it was born after mixing the Greek names Hipponion with the Roman Valentia. In fact, there were two Roman colonies: one on a hill, called Valentia, and another on the coast, called Vibona. The name Valentia was an honor granted by the Romans for people’s courage during the Punic Wars. Vibona derived from pre-existing colony Hipponion, born itself from pre-existing settlement Vitulo-Bruzio, called Veip (that means Gulf).

Vibo Valentia main attractions

Duomo: the Cathedral of Vibo Valentia, dedicated to Santa Maria Maggiore and San Leoluca, city’s patron, is a seventeenth-century building built on a previous Byzantine church of the ninth century, severely damaged by earthquakes in 1638 and 1659.
State Archaeological Museum Vito Capialbi: it is into the Norman-Swabian castle, recently renovated.
Norman-Swabian Castle.
Palazzo Capialbi.
Palazzo Gagliardi.
Palazzo Marzano.
Municipal Villa "Regina Margherita".
The Memorial Park.
Piazza d'Armi.

 

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